Rounding a banked curve – dynamics of circular motion problems and solutions
1. A car rounding a banked curve. What is an angle for the road which has a curve of radius 60 meters with a design speed of 20 m/ s? Assume there is no friction between car and road.
N = normal force
N sin θ = horizontal component of the normal force
N cos θ = vertical component of the normal force
w = m g = the weight of the car
The road is designed to be banked to eliminate dependence on friction.
The net horizontal force, the horizontal component of the normal force (N sin θ), required to keep the car moving in a circle around the curve.
We choose x-axis as horizontal and y-axis as vertical, so that centripetal acceleration, aR, is along the horizontal direction. In the horizontal direction, the only force is the horizontal component of the normal force (N sin θ), needed to produce the centripetal acceleration. N sin θ = centripetal force.
Apply Newton’s law of motion in the vertical direction :
Apply Newton’s law of motion in the horizontal direction :
Substituting N in equation 1 into N in equation 2 :
- Mass and weight
- Normal force
- Newton’s second law of motion
- Friction force
- Motion on the horizontal surface without friction force
- The motion of two bodies with the same acceleration on the rough horizontal surface with the friction force
- Motion on the inclined plane without friction force
- Motion on the rough inclined plane with the friction force
- Motion in an elevator
- The motion of bodies connected by cord and pulley
- Two bodies with the same magnitude of accelerations
- Rounding a flat curve – dynamics of circular motion
- Rounding a banked curve – dynamics of circular motion
- Uniform motion in a horizontal circle
- Centripetal force in uniform circular motion