Mass and weight – problems and solutions

Solved problems in Newton’s laws of motion – Mass, and weight

1. The weight of a 1 kg mass at the surface of the Earth is… g = 9.8 m/s2

Known :

Mass (m) = 1 kg

The acceleration due to gravity at the surface of the Earth (g) = 9.8 m/s2

Wanted: weight (w)

Solution :

w = m g

m = mass (The SI unit of mass is the kilogram, kg)

g = acceleration due to gravity (The SI unit of g is m/s2)

w = weight (The SI unit of w is kg m/s2 or Newton)

Weight :

w = (1 kg)(9.8 m/s2) = 9.8 kg m/s2 = 9.8 Newton

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2.

(a) Draw the force of gravity (weight) that act on the object when the object is at rest on a table, as shown in figure (a).

(b) Draw the force of gravity (weight) and it’s components that act on an object sliding down an inclined plane, as shown in figure (b)

Mass and weight – problems and solutions 1

Solution

Mass and weight – problems and solutions 2

The direction of the weight is downward toward the center of the Earth.

wx = the horizontal component of the weight and wy = the vertical component of the weight

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3. The mass of a box is 1 kg and acceleration due to gravity is 9.8 m/s2. Find (a) weight (b) the horizontal component and the vertical component of the weight.

Mass and weight – problems and solutions 3Solution

Weight : w = m g = (1 kg)(9.8 m/s2) = 9.8 kg m/s2 = 9.8 Newton

The horizontal component of the weight :

wx = w sin 30o = (9,8 N)(0,5) = 4.9 Newton

The vertical component of the weight :

wy = w cos 30o = (9.8 N)(0.5√3) = 4.9√3 Newton

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  1. Mass and weight
  2. Normal force
  3. Newton’s second law of motion
  4. Friction force
  5. Motion on the horizontal surface without friction force
  6. The motion of two bodies with the same acceleration on the rough horizontal surface with the friction force
  7. Motion on the inclined plane without friction force
  8. Motion on the rough inclined plane with the friction force
  9. Motion in an elevator
  10. The motion of bodies connected by cord and pulley
  11. Two bodies with the same magnitude of accelerations
  12. Rounding a flat curve – dynamics of circular motion
  13. Rounding a banked curve – dynamics of circular motion
  14. Uniform motion in a horizontal circle
  15. Centripetal force in uniform circular motion